The Commission today also adopted a fourth recommendation, which takes stock of the progress made by Greece to implement a fully functioning asylum system and defines the terms of the gradual resumption of transfers to Greece under Regulation Of Dublin.
Mr. Frans Timmermans , Vice-President of the European Commission, said: "The comprehensive EU approach to migration is our positive results. We see it in the pursuit of the implementation of the EU-Turkey declaration and the remarkable decrease in the number of irregular migrants arriving in Greece. We also see this in the progress made by the Greek authorities to remedy the inadequacies of the Greek asylum system, which enabled us to recommend the gradual resumption of transfers to Greece under the Dublin Regulation from 15 March 2017 This will further discourage irregular inflows and secondary movements and is an important step towards returning to normal operation of the Dublin and Schengen systems.
Dimitris Avramopoulos , Commissioner for Migration, Home Affairs and Citizenship, spoke in these terms: "Italy and Greece have made enormous efforts in recent months to handle the refugee crisis. This is reflected in the fact that we are ending today the infringement proceedings relating to the fingerprinting and registration of migrants. This November was a record month for relocation, with more than 1,400 people transferred, and Member States need to extend this progress by intensifying and continuing their efforts. Our aim is to relocate all those in Italy and Greece in the course of next year and are eligible for relocation. These efforts, together with a sustained reduction in arrivals from Turkey through the EU-Turkey Declaration, are the necessary basis for the gradual return to the Dublin system for Greece. "
Steady progress has been made in the implementation of the EU-Turkey Declaration
The implementation of the EU-Turkey Declaration has confirmed the trend of positive positive results, despite many problems. The number of irregular crossings of the Aegean Sea during the reference period remained considerably lower than that observed before the EU-Turkey declaration. Since March, daily arrivals have averaged 92 per day, whereas they could be 10,000 in a single day in October of last year. The return operations continued, additional 170 people have been returned since the third report, bringing to 1,187 the total number of people who were the subject of a return under the declaration or bilateral readmission protocol Between Greece and Turkey. However, important shortcomings remain, particularly with regard to the still too slow rate of return from Greece to Turkey, which has placed additional pressure on the Greek islands. The situation calls not only for careful monitoring but also and above all for further efforts to improve the situation on the Greek islands. It is therefore essential that sufficient resources are made available to enable the effective processing of asylum applications and that the Member States fully comply with the requests of the European Asylum Support Office. In order to ensure the full implementation of EU actions under the EU-Turkey Declaration and alleviate the pressure on the islands, Mr Maarten Verwey, EU Coordinator, Elaborated jointly with the Greek authorities.
Regarding the implementation of the roadmap on the liberalization of visa regime , Turkey has yet to meet seven criteria. The Commission encourages it in its efforts to comply as soon as possible with all the outstanding criteria. The Commission and Turkey continued their dialogue to find solutions, in particular with regard to the legislative and procedural changes necessary to meet the latter criteria.
The Commission continued to accelerate the granting of financing under the facility for refugees in Turkey : about 3 billion euros planned for the period 2016-2017 to meet the most urgent needs of refugees and Communities in Turkey, a total of € 2.2 billion has already been allocated. Contracted amounts increased to € 1.3 billion. The Commission is actively working to accelerate disbursements under the Facility, totaling € 677 million.
Transfers to Greece under the Dublin Regulation should gradually resume
The Commission today adopted its fourth recommendation on the resumption of transfers to Greece under the Dublin Regulation as a step towards the normal functioning of the rules of the Dublin system. It notes that Greece has made significant progress by putting in place the institutional and legal structures necessary for the proper functioning of an asylum system. However, for the purpose of the resumption of transfers, account should be taken of the fact that Greece still faces high migratory pressure and that there are still shortcomings in the Greek asylum system, in particular as regards the conditions The treatment of vulnerable applicants and the rapidity of registration, introduction and examination of asylum applications.
The Commission therefore recommends the gradual resumption of transfers to Greece on the basis of assurances received on a case-by-case basis from the Greek authorities that each person transferred will be received with dignity. In order to avoid placing an unbearable burden on Greece, the resumption of transfers will not be retroactive and will only concern asylum-seekers entering Greece in irregular conditions from 15 March 2017 or for which Greece will be responsible From that date under other criteria of the Dublin system. In order to support Greece's efforts, the Commission calls on all Member States to comply fully with their relocation obligations and to ensure the deployment of a sufficient number of asylum experts in Greece.
Applicants should only be transferred if the Greek authorities give assurances on a case-by-case basis that each applicant will be treated in accordance with Union law. At present, vulnerable asylum seekers, including unaccompanied minors, should not be transferred to Greece. An EASO team composed of experts from the Member States should be set up to support cooperation between the Member States and to ensure that persons transferred to Greece are treated in accordance with the assurances given by the Greek authorities. The Commission will regularly report on the progress of the implementation of the Recommendation and, if necessary, update its recommendations.
Progress in relocation and resettlement
In November he was taken 1406 relocations, or the highest number per month to date, relocations from Greece stabilizing at approximately 1000 per month and relocations from Italy have significantly increased. In total, to date, 8162 people have been subject to relocation, including 6212 from Greece and 1,950 from Italy.
The Commission considers that it should now be possible to transfer to all other Member States by September 2017 all applicants in Greece and Italy who are eligible for relocation. To this end, Member States should now make at least 2000 relocations per month for Greece and 1000 from Italy . As of April 2017, the monthly number of relocations should be at least 3,000 from Greece and 1,500 from Italy.
The Commission has continued to work closely with the Greek and Italian authorities and with other Member States to remove obstacles to faster field relocation. It today decided to close infringement proceedings against Italy and Greece for failure to comply with the Eurodac Regulation, since, in both Member States, raised rates fingerprints nationals Of third countries that have irregularly crossed the external borders of the EU and are subject to the reporting obligation is now close to 100%.
Member States also continued to increase their resettlement efforts have so far offered a way to safe and legal entry to 13,887 people on 22,504 they had agreed to host the title Of the July 2015 program. Since the previous report, a record number of 2,035 persons per month have been resettled from Turkey, Jordan and Lebanon. 544 more Syrian refugees were resettled from Turkey, bringing the total number of relocations from that country within the framework of the EU-Turkey statement in 2761 .
To know more
- Relocation and relocation:
Communication: Eighth report on relocation and resettlement
Appendix 1 : Relocations from Greece
Appendix 2 : Relocations from Italy
Appendix 3 : Statement of resettlement places
BACKGROUNDER: Relocation and Relocation
BACKGROUNDER: Managing the refugee crisis: EU financial aid to Greece
FAQ : Establish an EU framework for resettlement
The European migration agenda
Communication: Fourth progress report on the implementation of the EU-Turkey Declaration
Appendix 1 : Joint Action Plan
BACKGROUNDER: Refugee Facility in Turkey
FAQ : The implementation of the agreement between the EU and Turkey
Fourth recommendation on urgent measures to be taken in Greece with a view to the resumption of transfers under the Dublin Regulation
FAQ : Recommendation on conditions for resumption of transfers to Greece under the Dublin Regulation
Source: European Commision